The Indefinite Article
The indefinite article does not
refer to a particular person or object.
The indefinite article is a [ə],
used before both consonants and vowels. The indefinite
article an may also occur before vowels.
Here's a aiple tae ye.
Here's an apple for you.
Are ye haein a egg tae yer tea?Are
you having an egg for dinner?
He dee'd a fair strae deith.He
died of natural causes.
It wis a unco sicht he saw.
It was a strange sight he saw.
A seen a ingine doun the railwey
yaird.I saw an engine
down at the railway yard.
Sometimes the indefinite article
is omitted after mony.
Thair's mony ane dis that.
a one does that.
Mony time A thocht o her.
Many a time I thought of her.
Ayr, South Ayrshire
Ae [e:, je:]
is the adjectival form of ane and means 'single'
or 'solitary' or the 'only one' and is usually used
The cantie wee lassie wis Aidam's ae dochter.
The cheerful young girl was
Adam's only daughter.
The young man gaed oot the disco wi an ae
lass.The young man left
the disco with only one girl.
The indefinite pronoun some is the plural of
a, ae, ane and an meaning
an unknown number of the the things named by the noun.
Some o thae flouers is wiltit.Some
of those flowers are wilted.
Some fowk's trystin at the kirk.
Some people are meeting at
The Definite Article
The definite article the [ðə]
refers to a particular person or object.
Scots usage often prefers the definite article over
the indefinite article.
He wis feelin hungert an eatit the bit
breid.He was feeling hungry
and ate a piece of bread.
Efter he telt her it wis throu she gaed aff
wi the tear in her ee.After
he told her it was finished she left with a tear
in her eye.
Taiblet costs twal pennies the piece.
Tablet costs twelve pence a
She gat the reid face efter ye speirt
She blushed after you enquired
Special uses of the definite article.
Before the names of the seasons and
the days of the week.
The Fuirsday etc.Thursday
Are ye gaun til the gemm on the
Seturday?Are you going
to the game on Saturday?
Hit's a cauld, snell wind that
blaws in the winter.
It’s a cold, harsh wind
that blows in winter.
Before many nouns.
Awa til the kirk.Off
Doun the toun.In
At the schuil.In
Up the stair.Up
Fish tae the tea.Fish
On the knock.O'
Sent til the jyle.Sent
A gemm at the bouls.A
game of bowls.
Doun the brae.Down
Wi the train.By
He begoud the dealin.
He began trading.
The price o the milk an the
butter's aye gaun up.The
price of milk and butter is always increasing.
In a number of adverbial phrases.
A canna sort it the nou.I can't sort it just now.
Whaur ye gaun the day?.Where are you going today?
We'll see tae it the morn.We'll deal with it tomorrow.
The morn come aicht day.
She's at the dancin the nicht. She's going dancing tonight.
The corn's guid the year.
The corn is good this year.
The streen the muin wis sheenin bricht. Yesterday
(evening) the moon was shining bright.
The morn's morn(in) we're
awa tae the Broch.
Tomorrow morning we're going to Fraserburgh.
The faimily's awa tae the picturs the morn's nicht. Our family's off to the cinema tomorrow
Freedom an whisky gangs thegither.
Freedom and whisky belong together.
The definite article is often used
colloquially instead of a possessive pronoun.
Hou's the guidman the day?How is your husband today?
The wife wis in the gairden
wi's.My (your or his)
wife was in the garden with me.
She clawed the mutch aff
me.She tore off my cap.
He slippit the fit an fell.
His foot slipped, and he fell.
Before the names of diseases.
Before the names of trades, occupations,
sciences and departments of learning.
Ma son's learnin the jynerin.
My son is learning carpentry.
He kens the chemistry gey
guid.He knows chemistry
She's guid at the Laitin.She
is good at Latin.
He canna speak the French.He
can't speak French.